The prostatitis syndrome is a frequent and complex disease.
During the last 40 years the scientific perception has shifted between sometimes success and sometimes disappointment. Whereas acute prostatitis is most frequently considered an infectious disease, in only about 10% of cases with a chronic prostatitis syndrome can pathogens be identified. The bacterial spectrum is similar to that of complicated urinary tract infections with mainly Gram-negative pathogens. In some studies atypical pathogens, such as Chlamydia trachomatis and mycoplasmas, can be found in a considerable proportion. In most cases, however, a multifactorial aetiology is discussed. This has lead to a phenotyping directed multimodal treatment approach, considering the main symptoms. In prostatitis of microbial origin antibiotics, particulary fluorquinolones, are still the therapy of first choice. In the other cases multimodal treatment strategies are used considering evidence-based monotherapeutic studies. The evidence for multimodal combination treatment is still sparse.
Vahlensieck W, Ludwig M, Wagenlehner FM, Naber K, Fabry W. Are you the author?
Abteilung Urologie Onkologie Nephrologie, Hartenstein-Klinik Wildetal, Bad Wildungen-Reinhardshausen.
Reference: Aktuelle Urol. 2013 Mar;44(2):117-23.
Article in German.