MRI findings of granulomatous prostatitis developing after intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy - Abstract

AIM: To evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of granulomatous prostatitis (GP) developing after intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with pathologically proven GP underwent prostatic MRI. Lesion shape and signal intensity (SI) were evaluated on T2-weighted (T2WI), T1WI, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).

RESULTS: Polygonal nodular lesions with notches, diffuse lesions, and cystic lesions with mural nodules were seen in two, six, and one patients, respectively. The remaining patient had a diffuse and cystic lesion. All diffuse lesions showed higher SI than muscle on T1WI and higher SI than the normal peripheral zone (PZ) on DWI. On T2WI, six of seven diffuse lesions showed a slightly lower SI than bone marrow and the remaining one lesion was iso-intense. All nodular lesions showed a low SI similar to muscle on T2WI and were iso-intense to muscle on T1WI. On DWI, two each of the four nodular lesions showed slightly lower SI and slightly higher SI than the normal PZ, respectively. All contents within the cyst and mural nodules showed markedly high and low SI on T2WI, respectively. On DWI, all fluids within cysts showed markedly high SI. One each of the mural nodules showed slightly higher SI and slightly lower SI than the normal PZ on DWI.

CONCLUSION: Three main MRI patterns of GP were identified: diffuse, nodular, and cystic with mural nodule; among them, the diffuse type was the most common. Cystic lesions with mural nodules could accompany the lesion.

Written by:
Suzuki T, Takeuchi M, Naiki T, Kawai Y, Kohri K, Hara M, Shibamoto Y.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya City, Japan.

Reference: Clin Radiol. 2013 Feb 2. pii: S0009-9260(13)00010-X.
doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2012.12.005

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23384503 Prostatitis Section