The authors report the diffusion and contrast-enhanced MRI appearance of five cases of granulomatous prostatitis (GP), non-specific (two cases) and infectious post-Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy (three cases, with a tubercular abscess in two of them).
All patients had raising PSA levels and abnormal DRE. History of BCG therapy or acute prostatitis was present in four patients. Multiparametric MRI (T2W-MRI, DW-MRI and DCE-MRI) was performed before biopsies. Diagnosis was confirmed by TRUS-guided biopsies in four cases and by transurethral resection in one case. MRI showed a tumor-like appearance in three cases, an abscess-like appearance in one case and a combined tumor/abscess-like appearance in one case. Extraprostatic fat was infiltrated in three patients, simulating T3a disease. Histologically, caseous necrosis was found when MRI showed abcedation. Demonstration of occult tubercular abscesses in post-BCG GP may have therapeutic implications and MRI is useful prior to surgical or interventional drainage of large caseous abscesses.
Bour L, Schull A, Delongchamps NB, Beuvon F, Muradyan N, Legmann P, Cornud F. Are you the author?
Department of radiology, hôpital Cochin, 27, rue du Faubourg-St-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France.
Reference: Diagn Interv Imaging. 2012 Oct 15. pii: S2211-5684(12)00301-4.
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