Acute bacterial prostatitis: How to prevent and manage chronic infection? - Abstract

Chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is characterized by intense clinical symptoms, frequent relapse episodes and poor quality of life.

Aggressive antibacterial therapy is warranted to eradicate the causative pathogens and to achieve a permanent cure. We administered a "switch-therapy" protocol to 30 patients showing severe CBP symptoms and two or more relapse episodes in the previous 12 months. Patients received intravenous azithromycin (500 mg/day) and ciprofloxacin (800 mg/day) for 3 days, followed by oral ciprofloxacin (1 g/day) for 25 days.Twenty-seven (90%) patients showed pathogen eradication at test-of-cure (TOC) visit. Five cases of infection relapse were detected at follow-up. At the TOC visit, 25 patients (83%) showed mild/absent symptoms, measured with the NIH-chronic prostatitis symptom index.These results indicate the efficacy of a "switch-therapy" protocol, based on combined azithromycin and ciprofloxacin. Comparative studies on larger CBP patient populations are warranted to confirm these encouraging results.

Written by:
Kolumbić Lakos A, Skerk V, Maleković G, Dujnić Spoljarević T, Kovacic D, Pasini M, Markotić A, Magri V, Perletti G.   Are you the author?
Pliva Croatia Ltd, Zagreb, Croatia.

Reference: J Chemother. 2011 Dec;23(6):350-3.

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22233819 Prostatitis Section