Bacterial prostatitis, acute or chronic, is one of the most prevalent urogenital infections in men. Its diagnosis requires the application of a careful methodology. Gram-negative bacilli are the most frequent causative agents, and in recent years, an increase in the frequency of multiresistant bacteria has been detected. The choice of the optimal antimicrobial treatment requires the selection of drugs with proven in vitro activity associated with good penetration into the prostatic tissue, especially in chronic forms of infection.
The aim of this article is to summarize the current evidence regarding the pathogenesis, etiology, empirical and definitive antimicrobial therapy, and new pharmacotherapeutic interventions to improve the prognosis of bacterial acute or chronic prostatitis.
Bacterial prostatitis requires the application of an accurate diagnostic protocol to identify the causative agent and establish the optimal antimicrobial treatment. The structural and biochemical characteristics of prostatic tissue result in poor penetration of antimicrobials; therefore, in the choice of treatment, it is essential to select agents with proven antimicrobial activity and pharmacokinetic characteristics that ensure good and sustained concentrations in this area. Patients with chronic forms of infection require prolonged treatment, and relapses of the infectious process are frequent.
Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy. 2022 May 16 [Epub ahead of print]
Ester Marquez-Algaba, Joaquin Burgos, Benito Almirante
Department of Infectious Diseases, Vall d'Hebron Hospital Universitari, Barcelona, Spain.