Does the microbiota spectrum of prostate secretion affect the clinical status of patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis?

To explore the influence of the microbiota of prostate secretion on the clinical status of patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis.

This was an observational, single-center, comparative study. We evaluated the survey cards of 230 outpatients aged 18-45 years with a history of prostatitis from 2012 to 2019. As a result, 170 outpatients were selected for the study. All patients underwent an assessment of symptoms using International Prostate Symptom Score-quality of life, National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index, International Index of Erectile Function, pain visual analog scale. A bacteriological study (after the Meares-Stamey test) of post-massage urine was carried out on an extended media set. The following parameters were determined in each patient: leukocyturia and bacteriuria, serum testosterone and total prostate-specific antigen levels. Uroflowmetry, transrectal prostate ultrasound with color duplex mapping and ejaculate analysis were also carried out.

Aerobic-anaerobic bacterial associations were identified in all patients. Three comparison groups were identified depending on the microbiota's spectrum (in post-massage urine): aerobes prevailed in group 1 (n = 67), anaerobes prevailed in group 2 (n = 33), and the levels of aerobic and anaerobic bacteriuria were higher than ≥103  colony-forming units per mL in group 3 (n = 70). It was found that the severity of clinical symptoms (urination disorders, sexual dysfunction etc.) of chronic bacterial prostatitis, laboratory and instrumental changes (testosterone, prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume etc.) in groups 2 and 3 were significantly higher than in group 1.

In patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis, a predominance of anaerobes or a combination of aerobes and anaerobes in a titer of ≥103  colony-forming units per mL in post-massage urine is associated with worse clinical status.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2021 Sep 15 [Epub ahead of print]

Mikhail Kogan, Yulia Naboka, Akhmed Ferzauli, Khalid Ibishev, Irina Gudima, Ruslan Ismailov

Departments of, Urology and Pediatric Urology., Microbiology and Virology No. 1, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

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