To explore the diagnostic value of the levels of prostatic exosomal protein (PSEP) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the urine of patients with chronic prostatitis (CP).
Urine samples from 210 CP patients (70 cases of the USA National Institutes of Health Category II [NIH-II], 70 NIH-IIIa, and 70 NIH-IIIb patients) and 70 control subjects were collected between May 2018 and February 2020. The levels of PSEP and HSP70 in urine were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The differences in urine PSEP and HSP70 levels between the groups were analyzed, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the clinical value of PSEP and HSP70 in the diagnosis of CP.
The PSEP levels of CP patients were significantly higher than those of the control group (p < 0.001), but there was no difference in PSEP levels among CP subgroups. The level of HSP70 in the urine of the NIH-II patients was significantly lower than the levels in the NIH-IIIa and NIH-IIIb subgroups and the control group, but there was no difference in HSP70 levels between the NIH-IIIa and NIH-IIIb subgroups and the control group. ROC curve analysis results showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of PSEP for the NIH-II, NIH-IIIa, and NIH-IIIb patients was 0.751, 0.776, and 0.731, respectively. The AUC of HSP70 in NIH-II patients was 0.784, and the AUC of combined detection of PSEP and HSP70 in NIH-II patients was 0.858.
Urine PSEP can be used as a marker for the diagnosis of CP, but it cannot distinguish between the various types of CP, and HSP70 can be used as a diagnostic index for NIH-II classification.
Journal of clinical laboratory analysis. 2021 Apr 06 [Epub ahead of print]
Yinghua Tang, Aiping Pan, Yonggang Liu, Lianli Yin
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Guangxi Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning, China., Department of Urology, Nanning Second People's Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China., Department of Clinical Laboratory, Nanning Second People's Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.