Peyronie's disease (PD) is a benign fibrotic disorder of the tunica albuginea of the penis, which can cause penile pain, curvature, shortening, erectile dysfunction, and psychological distress. Surgery is indicated when penile curvature prevents satisfactory sexual intercourse. Plaque incision or excision with grafting has been suggested as an option in patients with a penile curvature greater than 60°, a shortened penis, and/or an hourglass or complex deformity.
To provide an overview of recent studies reporting outcomes of grafting techniques and to report advances in the development of new grafting materials for PD surgery.
A literature review was performed through PubMed from 2011 through 2016 regarding grafting techniques for PD. Key words used for the search were grafting techniques, grafts, graft materials, Peyronie's disease, surgical outcomes, and surgical therapy.
To report on novel and promising graft materials for PD and to discuss surgical techniques, outcomes, and limitations. Discussed outcomes include postoperative penile straightening, shortening, erectile function, glans sensation, and patient satisfaction.
Various surgical techniques and grafting materials can be used for the coverage of the tunica albuginea defect after partial plaque excision or incision. Autologous and non-autologous grafts have been used in this setting. A major advantage of the available "off-the-shelf" grafts is that they do not require donor site harvesting, thus decreasing morbidity and operative time. Tissue-engineered grafts represent the future, but more research is needed to further improve surgical handling and postoperative outcomes.
Patients opting for grafting techniques should have sufficient erectile rigidity preoperatively. Surgeon experience, careful patient selection, patient preference, and type of penile deformity affect the choice of graft and surgical approach used. Hatzichristodoulou G, Osmonov D, Kübler H, et al. Contemporary Review of Grafting Techniques for the Surgical Treatment of Peyronie's Disease. Sex Med Rev 2017;X:XX-XX.
Sexual medicine reviews. 2017 Feb 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Daniar Osmonov, Hubert Kübler, Wayne J G Hellstrom, Faysal A Yafi
Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address: ., Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany., Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany., Department of Urology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA., Department of Urology, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA.