An unwelcome third party: the role of inflammation in the relationship between depression and Peyronie's disease.

The article "The Association Between Peyronie's Disease and Depression: A Scoping Review" explores the intricate relationship between Peyronie's disease (PD) and depression. Authored by Rune Kraglund, Emil Durukan, Annamaria Giraldi, and Mikkel Fode, the scoping review delves into shared risk factors such as obesity, smoking, and diabetes, potentially justifying the higher prevalence of depression in patients with PD. Interestingly, data suggest an increased risk of depression even before PD symptoms manifest, hinting at a complex interplay. The review emphasizes the relevance of systemic inflammation in the pathophysiology of both disorders. While bidirectional links between depression and inflammation are established in literature, PD's association with systemic inflammation adds a layer of complexity. Conditions such as cancer, linked to systemic inflammation, correlate with PD and depression, highlighting common pathways. Examining specific inflammatory markers, the article notes elevated levels of TNF, IL-6, platelet-derived growth factor, TNF-α, and fibroblast growth factor in PD and depressive disorders. The discussion extends to the scoping review's significance, emphasizing the often-overlooked correlation between psychiatric and sexual health disorders. Understanding the psychological aspects of PD is deemed crucial, considering that depressive conditions may affect treatment adherence and outcomes. The article acknowledges the challenge of establishing a causal link between PD's psychological impact and depression. However, it suggests a potential intertwined relationship where PD may lead to depression due to its impact on sexual function and self-esteem, while depression, in turn, enhances inflammatory responses and aggravates PD. In conclusion, the article proposes that the involvement of inflammation complicates the relationship between PD and depression. This complex interplay, though not fully elucidated in the current literature, provides a compelling theme for future studies, offering insights into the shared pathophysiology and potential paths for improved understanding and treatment of these interconnected disorders.

Sexual medicine reviews. 2024 Feb 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Catarina Moraes Braga, Amaury Cantilino

Medical school of federal university of pernambuco (UFPE) Campus Agreste, Caruaru, 55014-900, Brazil., Psychiatry Specialty Training Service, Hospital das ClĂ­nicas, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, 50670-901, Brazil.