Potential primary prevention of Peyronie's disease post prostatectomy?-retrospective analysis of peri-operative multi-modal penile rehabilitation.

The surgical management of prostate cancer through radical prostatectomy has the potential to impact patients' sexual function, including erectile dysfunction and Peyronie's disease (PD). Historical data suggests the incidence of PD in post-prostatectomy patients is higher than in the general population at 15. 9%. Our study objective was to measure the rate of the development of PD among patients that receive penile rehabilitation (PR) regimen prior to and immediately after radical prostatectomy. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the charts of 581 patients who were diagnosed with prostate cancer, treated with radical prostatectomy, and engaged in a PR program. Patients with the diagnosis of PD prior to prostatectomy were excluded from this study. The PR program consists of daily tadalafil, L-citrulline, and weekly vacuum erectile device with the option of intracavernosal injections if patients fail to respond to the regular regimen. We found the incidence of PD to be 2.9%, suggesting that PR regimens programs may be associated with a reduced incidence of PD in post-prostatectomy patients. Ten (out of 17) patients were diagnosed with PD after 2 years of follow up. The return of erections was not statistically different among patients who developed PD and the rest of the patients. Prospective, multi-institutional trials will be required to elucidate whether PR can prevent the development of PD in this patient population.

Translational andrology and urology. 2023 Nov 23 [Epub]

Reza Kianian, Juan J Andino, Jeff J Morrison, Dayna Grundy, Ashley Appleton, Abigail J Lavold, Sriram V Eleswarapu, Jesse N Mills

Division of Andrology, Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.