Patients with Peyronie's disease present with a variety of penile deformities. Those with hinge effect can experience bothersome buckling of the erection and instability during penetrative sex; however, the actual characteristics and clinical implications are not fully understood.
To determine the factors that cause hinge effect and to assess the role on surgical intervention.
This retrospective review included 1223 consecutive patients who were examined by a single surgeon and had a complete penile duplex evaluation with curvature and hinge assessment. Baseline demographics, penile duplex findings, and clinical outcomes were used to assess for predictors of hinge effect.
Analyses were performed to assess preoperative predictors of hinge effect and surgical intervention.
Hinge effect was observed at the time of penile duplex Doppler examination in 33% of patients. Circumferential girth discrepancy at point of indentation (odds ratio [OR] 1.82; P < .001), rigidity of erection (OR, 0.82; P = .002), and degree of primary curvature (OR, 1.03; P < .001) predicted the presence of hinge effect. When controlling for rigidity, a girth discrepancy >1 cm did appear to be associated with a hinge.
Circumferential girth discrepancy >1 cm, regardless of erectile rigidity, can be associated with hinge effect.
As a strength, this study included the largest cohort of patients with Peyronie's disease, all of whom were examined in a rigorous and uniform manner via the same operative counseling. However, the study is limited by its retrospective nature and potential for selection and observer bias, given that the treating physician was also assessing all penile deformities as well as performing operative intervention.
The presence of hinge effect can cause instability of erections during penetrative sex. Multiple factors may predispose patients to a hinge effect, including the quality of erection and severity of curvature. But when controlling for rigidity, a girth discrepancy >1 cm did appear to be associated with a hinge. While many factors, such as baseline erectile dysfunction and severity of curvature, are important in determining the optimal surgical intervention, assessing for preoperative hinge effect also influenced the surgical approach.
The journal of sexual medicine. 2023 Jul 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Daniel Roadman, Vinson Wang, William Langbo, David Paddock, Laurence Levine
Department of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, United States., The Urology Group, Cincinnati, OH 45212, United States.