In this narrative review we explore additional indications for which intralesional collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection therapy may be used, in addition to those utilized in the IMPRESS trials. The goal is to provide updated assessment of available intralesional therapies and justify whether to expand clinical indications based on advancements over the last decade.
Patients receiving CCH in the acute phase of PD have shown significant improvement in penile curvature - which may be even more significant than reported due to progressive curvature over the longitudinal course of injection therapy. Across studies, patients with ventral plaques achieved the greatest curvature improvement (~30°) compared to PD patients with dorsal or lateral plaques. Patients with curvature > 90° have been minimally documented. However, the concept of patients with higher degree of curvature achieving more significant degrees of improvement prevails across studies. Studies including PD patients with volume loss deformities or indentation(s) focus on curvature improvement and do not gauge improvement in these girth loss or indentation features specifically. PD patients with calcification may benefit from CCH, however, critical analysis of included study designs and results compared to placebo do not lend for strong support of CCH in PD at this time.
Based on the most recent research, the use of CCH in the acute phase of PD and patients with ventral penile plaques may be effective and safe. The limited available research on the efficacy of CCH on calcified plaque(s) and curvature greater than 90° is promising, however, more research is needed to ensure safety and success in this patient cohort. Finally, the current literature continues to show the use of CCH is not effective in PD patients with volume loss, indentation, or hourglass deformity. When expanding the use of CCH to patients not originally included in the IMPRESS trials, providers must prioritize minimizing chances of potential injury to urethral tissue. Finally, further investigation is required to determine whether CCH has utility for curvature greater than 90° or calcified plaques, although the limited available literature is promising.
Research and reports in urology. 2023 Jun 21*** epublish ***
Prajit Khooblall, Raevti Bole, Scott D Lundy, Petar Bajic
Cleveland Clinic, Center for Men's Health, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland, OH, USA.