Long-term outcomes of surgery for Peyronie's disease: focus on patient satisfaction.

Immediate outcomes of surgery for Peyronie's disease (PD) are fairly easy to analyze. However, it is the patient-reported long-term outcomes which eventually determine the success of PD treatment. The goal of this observational study was to evaluate patients' satisfaction with results of surgical treatment for PD at long-term follow-up.

The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who were completely satisfied with their erectile function and penile appearance. We retrospectively identified 374 patients who underwent surgery for PD (median follow-up: 9.5 years) and attempted to invite them for follow-up visit; 342 patients were available for follow-up. Only 285 (83.3%) were sexually active. Among all patients, 197 (57.6%) were completely satisfied with penile appearance; among sexually active patients, 139 (40.6%) were completely satisfied with their erections. Only 101 patients (29.5%) were completely satisfied with penile appearance and erectile function. Logistic regression analysis revealed preoperative IIEF-EF score (OR = 1.668 per 1 point; 95% CI 1.469-1.894), tunica albuginea plication (OR = 5.599; 95% CI = 1.014-30.92), use of saphenous vein (OR = 8.517; 95% CI = 2.491-29.115), and cadaveric pericardium (OR = 61.388; 95% CI = 7.674-491.11) as significant predictors of satisfaction with erectile function. Severity of curvature (OR = 0.926 per 5°; 95% CI = 0.907-0.946) and tunica plication (OR = 0.117; 95% CI = 0.019-0.738) were negative predictors of satisfaction with penile appearance. Preoperative IIEF-EF (OR = 1.497 per 1 point; 95% CI = 1.322-1.694), severity of penile curvature (OR = 0.967 per 5°; 95% CI = 0.95-0.983), and use of pericardium allograft (OR = 10.728; 95% CI = 1.363-84.46) were predictors of both endpoints (satisfaction with erectile function and cosmesis). Despite excellent surgical outcomes in PD, patients' satisfaction with penile appearance and erectile function is far from absolute and depends on many patient-related and treatment-related factors.

International journal of impotence research. 2020 May 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Safar Gamidov, Taras Shatylko, Natig Gasanov, Dmitriy Scherbakov, Konstantin Li, Gennadiy Sukhikh

Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia., V.I. Kulakov National Medical Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, Moscow, Russia. ., V.I. Kulakov National Medical Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, Moscow, Russia.

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