Review of Intralesional Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injection Therapy and Related Combination Therapies in the Treatment of Peyronie's Disease (an Update).

Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is an injectable agent used to treat Peyronie's disease (PD) by enzymatically degrading the interstitial collagen in plaques. CCH has been administered via multiple treatment protocols, in combination therapies, to patients with varying curvatures and in both the acute and stable phases of this condition.

To review the current literature and provide an update on CCH as an injectable therapy for PD, as a singular therapy or in conjunction with combination therapies, and its associated complications. We provide a brief background of PD treatments, evaluate CCH efficacy in penile curvature reduction and subjective improvement in a variety of protocols, and compare combination therapies (penile traction, sildenafil), plaque location, and efficacy in both acute and stable diseases.

We performed a systematic review of the existing PubMed literature pertaining to CCH injection therapy in the treatment of PD and compared the effectiveness to different treatment modalities.

CCH is a safe and effective injectable agent for all curvature directions in both acute and stable PD. It can be used in conjunction with multiple penile modeling techniques, in combination with sildenafil, and following a shortened administration protocol. Moderate to severe treatment-related adverse events occur at a rate of 9% and are typically managed conservatively.

Intralesional injections of CCH are FDA approved as a nonsurgical treatment for men with PD. The IMPRESS trials were instrumental in demonstrating the efficacy and safety of CCH and provided a standard protocol for administration. Additional studies are required to optimize treatment protocols and use in combination therapies. Further investigation of patients with ventral curvatures, hourglass deformities, and those in acute phase is needed. Natale C, McLellan D, Yousif A, et al. Review of Intralesional Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injection Therapy and Related Combination Therapies in the Treatment of Peyronie's Disease (an Update). Sex Med 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

Sexual medicine reviews. 2020 Mar 18 [Epub ahead of print]

Caleb Natale, David M McLellan, Ayad Yousif, Wayne J G Hellstrom

Department of Urology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, USA., Department of Urology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, USA. Electronic address: .