Characteristics of Men With Peyronie's Disease and Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Treatment Failure: Predictors of Surgical Intervention and Outcomes.

A subset of patients with Peyronie's disease (PD) treated with collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) experience persistent bother and some require surgery.

We characterize patients experiencing persistent bother after CCH treatment and identify associations and predictors of surgical intervention/outcomes.

We retrospectively identified patients with PD from October 2014 to October 2019 and identified those presenting with persistent bother after CCH treatment by other urologists. Intracavernosal injection and penile Doppler ultrasonography were performed, and subsequent interventions/outcomes were recorded. Baseline characteristics were compared with Student t-test and chi-square test. Predictors of surgical intervention and complications were assessed using multivariable logistic regression.

The primary outcome was surgery after CCH treatment. Secondary outcomes included worsened erectile function, sensory deficits, and penile length change.

Of 573, 67 (11.7%) patients with PD had undergone prior CCH treatment with median 6 injections (range 2-24). Mean post-CCH PD Questionnaire bother score was 10.1 (SD: 3.1), and total International Index of Erectile Function-5 was 15.3 (SD: 8.7). Mean PD duration was 27.8 (SD: 35.7) months, with a mean composite curvature (MCC) of 69.0° (SD: 33.8) measured after injection. Of 67, 44 (65.7%) patients had MCC >60°. Of 67, 52 (77.6%) patients had indent, narrowing, or hourglass and 26 (38.8%) had hinge effect (buckling of the erect penis with axial pressure) on examination. Calcification was identified in 26 of 67 (38.8%) patients, with grade 3 calcifications comprising 6 of 23 (26.1%) patients. Of 67, 33 (49.3%) patients underwent surgery, with 20 (60.1%) undergoing partial plaque excision and grafting with/without tunica albuginea plication, 6 (18.2%) undergoing tunica albuginea plication alone, and 7 (21.2%) undergoing penile prosthesis with plaque incision and grafting. Surgical patients had greater mean curvature (82.6 vs 55.4, P = .001) and were more likely to have hinge (54.5% vs 20.6%, P = .005). On multivariable analysis, MCC ≥60° predicted patient's decision for surgery (odds ratio: 2.99, P < .01, 95% confidence interval: 1.62-4.35). There were no associations between surgical complications and number of injections or CCH-associated adverse events.

Patients presenting with persistent bother after CCH treatment often have narrowing and calcifications (despite calcifications being a contraindication to CCH treatment), and those who have hinge or severe curvature are more likely to undergo surgery with low rates of complications.

This study's generalizability is limited by selection bias, but useful data are provided for patient counseling.

Patients with persistent bother after CCH treatment had high rates of indentation/narrowing, plaque calcifications, and MCC >60° at completion of CCH treatment. Surgical intervention is more common with hinge and is safe and feasible in these patients, with low rates of complications. These findings suggest possible negative prognostic factors for CCH treatment, which merit further investigation. Bajic P, Wiggins AB, Ziegelmann MJ, et al. Characteristics of Men With Peyronie's Disease and Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Treatment Failure: Predictors of Surgical Intervention and Outcomes. J Sex Med 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

The journal of sexual medicine. 2020 Feb 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Petar Bajic, Adam B Wiggins, Matthew J Ziegelmann, Laurence A Levine

Division of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: ., Division of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA., Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

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