A review of inflammation and fibrosis: implications for the pathogenesis of Peyronie's disease.

Peyronie's disease (PD) is a superficial fibrosing disorder that causes penile deformity and can interfere with sexual intercourse and reproduction, as well as diminish quality of life. While the exact mechanism of PD is still being investigated, there is likely a genetic component to the predisposition to penile plaque formation. Ultimately, however, perturbations in normal wound healing and aberrant deposition of extracellular matrix components lead to fibrotic tissue deposition. Fibrosis in PD is regulated by a complex pathway of inflammatory and fibrotic mediators. Currently there are no treatments for PD that address an underlying cause or disease progression. In this review, we provide an overview of the known inflammatory and fibrotic mediators of PD and explore the pathophysiology of other human superficial fibrosing disorders to develop further insights into PD.

World journal of urology. 2019 Jun 12 [Epub ahead of print]

Darshan P Patel, Michael B Christensen, James M Hotaling, Alexander W Pastuszak

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah School of Medicine, 30 N 1900 E, Rm # 3B420, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA., Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Center for Reconstructive Urology and Men's Health, University of Utah School of Medicine, 30 N 1900 E, Rm # 3B420, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA. .

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