Interactions between infertility and sexuality are numerous and complex. Infertile men may suffer from sexual dysfunctions (SD) when undergoing an assisted reproductive technology programme. We undertook a review both in French and English of the available data on male SD when being diagnosed with a fertility problem with a specific focus on azoospermic men. The review was performed over a 30-year time period using PubMed/Medline. The sexual concerns and needs of infertile/sterile men for whom potential parenting can be compromised were evaluated. When diagnosed with infertility, men usually go through a crisis that can have a deleterious effect on their sexuality with sometimes a feeling of sexual inadequacy. Infertile men will feel stigmatized because they are perceived as being deficient in a specific component of their masculinity. Hence, subsequent SD may occur that can impact the couple sexuality and the infertility management. However, little is known on how the announcement of azoospermia may affect male on a sexual and psychological point of view. The present review suggests that a global management through a healthcare network (biologist, andrologist, sexologist and psychologist) is required which will allow to consider infertility and its subsequent sexual disorders as a whole and not as dichotomized issues.
Andrology. 2016 Apr 07 [Epub ahead of print]
S Bechoua, S Hamamah, E Scalici
UFR Sciences de Santé de Dijon, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France., ART-PGD Department, INSERM U1203, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France., ART-PGD Department, INSERM U1203, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.