Varicoceles are known to be associated with male infertility, but the mechanism of infertility and the true effect of varicocele repair remain controversial due to a lack of proper studies and the difficulty of performing proper studies. Other than infertility treatment, varicocele repairs also may performed for a variety of reasons, including testicular pain, hypogonadism, and in adolescents who are not yet trying to conceive.
Sigman M Are you the author?
Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Reference: Fertil Steril. 2011 Dec;96(6):1281-2