Overcoming Male Factor Infertility: A Journey Through Assisted Reproductive Technology With Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy.

This case study presents a couple's journey through assisted reproductive technology (ART) experiencing two failed in vitro fertilization cycles. The couple underwent a comprehensive examination, revealing the normal parameters for the female, but asthenoteratozoospermia in the male indicating high morphological defects and reduced sperm motility. Subsequently, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was planned. Despite retrieving six oocytes during ovum pickup (OPU), all blastocysts stopped growth on the second day, prompting a sperm chromatin test disclosing highly DNA-fragmented sperm. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy was initiated to improve sperm quality, along with frozen embryo transfer (FET). Sperm were incubated with PRP, yielding improved sperm motility and reduced sperm DNA fragmentation. OPU yielded five good-quality metaphase II (MII) oocytes, which were successfully fertilized with PRP-treated sperm, resulting in the formation of four blastocysts. These blastocysts were frozen and later used for FET, resulting in a positive pregnancy outcome and successful conception. This case highlights the importance of personalized intervention in addressing the infertility factor in males and achieving successful ART outcomes.

Cureus. 2024 Mar 02*** epublish ***

Shradha M Ulhe, Namrata Choudhary, Jarul Shrivastava, Shilpa Dutta, Sudhanshu M Dakre, Akash More

Clinical Embryology, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Wardha, IND.