Among reproductive health problems, idiopathic infertility affects married couples. The current diagnosis of male infertility focuses on the concentration, motility, and morphology of sperm in the ejaculate. Since the molecular mechanism of idiopathic infertility is unknown, identification of Differentially Expressed Genes (DEGs) among the control and idiopathic infertile male can shed light on diagnosis and treatment. Here, we analyzed the dataset GSE65683 to identify DEGs in idiopathic human sperm in three groups of patients: (i) Timed Intercourse (TIC); (ii) Intrauterine Insemination (IUI); and (iii) Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). The enrichment analysis was carried out using DAVID (Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery) and GeneCodis for the DEGs. Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network of these DEGs were constructed using the STRING database. The network parameters such as degree and betweenness were calculated to select the important hubs. In total, 118 DEGs in TIC, 446 in IUI, and 188 in ART were identified. PPI network was constructed and identified critical top hub genes such as ACTB, BTBD6, EIF2S3, EIF3A, EIF4E, POLR2L, RPL4, RPL7, RPS11, RPL13, RPS15, RPL23, RPL27, RPL9, RPLP0 and UBA52 that may play an essential role in idiopathic male infertility. Thus, the identified hub genes may provide an insight into the molecular mechanism and contribute to discovering novel therapeutic targets and developing new strategies for idiopathic male infertility.
Human fertility (Cambridge, England). 2022 Nov 12 [Epub ahead of print]
Laxman Kumar Lukkani, Leimarembi Devi Naorem, Mathavan Muthaiyan, Amouda Venkatesan
Department of Bioinformatics, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry, India.