A number of test have been proposed to assess male fertility potential, ranging from routine testing by light microscopic method for evaluating semen samples, to screening test for DNA integrity aimed to look at sperm chromatin abnormalities. Spermatozoa are an extremely differentiated cell, they have critical functions for embryo development and heredity, in addiction to delivering a haploid paternal genome to the oocyte. Towards this goal certain requirements must always be met. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its reproductive function taking place in the spermatogenesis, a highly specialized process depending on multiple factors with effect on male fertility. In the past 30 years, large-scale analyses of transcriptomic and genome expression in mammals have generated a large amount of informations on numberless biomolecules involved in spermatogenesis and male germ cell reproductive function. Sperm proteome represents the protein content that spermatozoa needs to survive and work correctly and modifications of sperm proteome play a role in determining functional changes leading to a decrease of reproductive competence into affected spermatozoa. The post-genomic approach consists of different methodologies for concurrently testicular transcriptome studies, protein compositional analysis and metabolomics findings of the spermatozoa in humans.
Protein and peptide letters. 2018 Apr 18 [Epub ahead of print]
Savina Dipresa, Luca De Toni, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
University of Padova - Department of Medicine Padova. Italy.