This prospective study aimed to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome (Met S) and premature ejaculation (PE) among men. The study included 300 consecutive male patients (53.6 y ± 8. 7) who attended the urology clinic (December 2013-September 2014), mostly complaining of renal/ureteric calculi. A diagnostic approach was undertaken to include demographics, clinical features and laboratory investigations of the study subjects. Both erectile function and PE were evaluated using the International Index of Erectile Function (abridged form, IIEF-5) and Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) questionnaires, respectively. Results identified 182 (60.7%) men had Met S. Prevalence of PE was significantly higher in the subjects with Met S than the controls (35.2% vs 7.6%, p < 0.001). Patients with Met S and PE had significantly higher PEDT scores (15.4 vs 6.7), smaller waist circumference (108.3 cm vs 111.5 cm) and higher fasting blood sugar (187 mg% vs 161 mg%) than those with no PE (p < 0.001, 0.047 and 0.019, respectively). The other variables including IIEF-5 score, body mass index, serum triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (14.98 vs 16.8, 30.6 vs 31.5, 192.9 mg% vs 178.1 mg% and 37.4 mg% vs 36.2 mg%, respectively) did not reveal significant differences. Both systolic hypertension and erectile dysfunction (ED) had significant associations (p = 0.047 and <0.001, respectively) with PE in Met S. In conclusion, PE has a high prevalence in Met S. Patients with Met S should be questioned about PE. Both ED and systolic hypertension may be associated with PE. Prevention of Met S should be considered, and this may be of help to decrease the prevalence of PE.
The aging male : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male. 2017 Feb 21 [Epub ahead of print]
Nader Salama, Ahmed Eid, Ahmed Swedan, Alaa Hatem
a Department of Surgery (Unit of Urology) , Taibah Faculty of Medicine , Madina , Saudi Arabia., b Department of Urology , Alexandria Faculty of Medicine , Alexandria , Egypt , and., c Department of Internal Medicine , Alexandria Faculty of Medicine , Alexandria , Egypt.