YouTube is heavily utilized by patients as an educational resource, but this content can be fraught with misinformation. We sought to characterize the quality of videos on YouTube discussing postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction and to evaluate metrics associated with retaining a top position in search results over time.
In October 2019, we watched the first 100 YouTube videos using the search query "radical prostatectomy erectile dysfunction." Videos not relevant to the topic were excluded. Video metrics were collected, and content quality was evaluated using the DISCERN instrument. In June 2022, the search was repeated and video metrics were updated. Video characteristics were associated with search rank and the ability to remain in the top 100 spots using the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and logistic regression, respectively.
We included 81 videos which amassed 529,428 views in 2019. The median total DISCERN score was 29 (IQR 21-42), which is interpreted as a poor quality video. Self-promotion or commercial bias was present in 42 videos (51.9%); false claims were present in 16 (19.8%). There was no correlation between DISCERN score and search rank (r = 0.08, p = 0.49). In 2022, 15 videos remained in the top 100 search results and had a higher median DISCERN score than videos no longer in the top 100 (46 vs. 28.5, p = 0.01). Each additional DISCERN point was associated with a 7% higher odds of remaining in the top 100 (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01-1.11, p = 0.003).
The quality of the top 100 YouTube videos discussing postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction is low. Higher quality videos had a higher odds of remaining in the top 100 search results over time but do not correlate with the order in which they are ranked.
Urologic oncology. 2023 Jan 16 [Epub ahead of print]
Ridwan Alam, Michael J Biles, Hiten D Patel, Christian P Pavlovich, Zeyad R Schwen
The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: ., The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD., Department of Urology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL., Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.