The association between alcohol use and erectile dysfunction (ED) has not been explored adequately. The aim of this study is (i) to determine the prevalence of ED in patients with Alcohol use disorder (AUD), (ii) the association of ED with sociodemographic and clinical variables, (iii) the association between severity of drinking and sociodemographic and clinical variables, and (iv) the assess the change in ED after one month of abstinence from alcohol.
203 consecutive patients were recruited into the study after taking written informed consent. Sociodemographic data was collected using a proforma and ED was assessed using International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5). The patients were also followed up after 1 month of abstinence to assess the change in erectile function.
The prevalence of ED was 68.5%. Out of the 203 subjects, 28.1% had mild ED, 24.1% had mild to moderate ED, 9.9% had moderate ED and 6.4% had severe ED. Significant association were seen between ED and age, marital status, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, total duration, and severity of drinking. A significant association was seen between severity of drinking and age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, alcoholic liver disease, tobacco use and duration of drinking. The improvement in ED after 1 month abstinence was found to be significant.
ED is a common problem in patients with AUD. Routine assessment of sexual functioning is warranted in patients with AUD and the information that ED improves with abstinence can provide an impetus to change.
Journal of addictive diseases. 2023 Jan 06 [Epub ahead of print]
Aravind Karunakaran, Anil Prabhakaran, Vidhukumar Karunakaran, Jaimon Plathottathil Michael
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India., Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Gandhinagar P.O, Kottayam, Kerala, India.