The Temporal Association of Depression and Anxiety in Young Men With Erectile Dysfunction.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multidimensional sexual disorder that is being increasingly diagnosed in younger men. Although mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety are known risk factors for ED, the association between these conditions and ED has been understudied in young men.

To explore the temporal association between depression, anxiety, and ED in a population-based cohort of young men.

Using 2009-2018 MarketScan Commercial Claims data, we identified all men with ED aged 18-40 years (cases). Using ICD-9/-10 codes and prescription data, we evaluated the prevalence and incidence of depression and anxiety in this cohort. Cases were matched with men without a diagnosis of ED (controls) based on age, Charlson Comorbidity Index, history of hypertension, geographic region, and year of presentation. We examined the prevalence of depression and anxiety within 12 months prior to ED diagnosis and incidence of depression and anxiety up to 36 months after ED diagnosis in cases vs controls. Differences between cases and controls were tested with Wilcoxon rank-sum test for numerical covariates, and chi-square test for categorical covariates. Significance was set at P < .05.

Prevalence and incidence of depression and anxiety in young men with and without ED.

Within the 12-month period preceding ED diagnosis, the prevalence of depression and anxiety in cases vs controls were 17.1% vs 12.9%, respectively (P < .001). The incidence of depression and anxiety were higher amongst cases vs controls at 12- (11.7% vs 6.3%), 24- (14.5% vs 9.0%,) and 36- (15.9% vs 10.6%) months following ED diagnosis (P < .001).

High incidence and prevalence of depression and anxiety in young men diagnosed with ED highlight the importance of normalizing mental health screenings and routine psychiatric follow-up in this population.

Our contemporary, case-control study utilizes a population-based cohort of young men with ED to study the temporal association between depression, anxiety, and ED, which is understudied to date. The MarketScan commercial claims database used in this analysis includes men covered by private insurers only and lacks data on symptoms and treatments.

Young men with ED had significantly higher rates of depression and anxiety both before and after ED diagnosis in comparison to young men without ED. Manalo TA, Biermann HD, Patil DH, et al. The Temporal Association of Depression and Anxiety in Young Men With Erectile Dysfunction. J Sex Med 2021;XX:XXX-XXX.

The journal of sexual medicine. 2021 Dec 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Tad A Manalo, Henry D Biermann, Dattatraya H Patil, Akanksha Mehta

Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA., Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: .

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