Serum Folic Acid and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The association between folic acid (FA) and erectile dysfunction (ED) was contradictory in the published original articles, and no meta-analysis was conducted to pool these data.

To verify the role of FA in the pathology of ED and explore the treatment efficacy of FA for ED patients.

An extensive search was performed on PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science to obtain all relevant studies published up to October 31, 2020. Studies comparing the serum FA level between ED patients and healthy controls, or comparing the score of the IIEF-5, or IIEF before and after folic acid therapy alone or combination in ED patient were eligible for our meta-analysis. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scales (NOS) was used to qualify included studies.

The standardized mean differences (SMD) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to pool our data.

Nine studies were eligible for our meta-analysis to verify the association between FA and ED, and to explore the treatment efficacy of FA for ED patients. The pooled SMD of the FA level difference between ED patients and healthy subjects was -0.94 (95% CI: -1.59, -0.30, P = .004). Moreover, the level of folic acid in healthy subjects, Mild ED patients, Moderate ED patients and Severe ED patients was 11.847 (95%CI = 9.671, 14.022), 9.496 (95%CI = 8.425, 10.567), 6.597 (95%CI = 5.187, 8.007) and 5.623 (95%CI = 3.535, 7.711) respectively. The SMD of changes in score of IIEF-5 was 1.89 with 95%CI (1.60, 2.17) after FA administration in ED patients. Our analysis also showed that combination therapy of FA plus tadalafil changed the score of IIEF with 0.90 (95%CI = 0.44, 1.36) comparing to combination of placebo plus tadalafil.

This novel meta-analysis demonstrated that FA was an independent risk factor for ED and FA supplement may have potentially positive effects in the treatment of ED patients. Zhang Y, Zhang W, Dai Y, et al. Serum Folic Acid and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sex Med 2021;xxx:xxx-xxx.

Sexual medicine. 2021 May 26 [Epub ahead of print]

Yuyang Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yutian Dai, Hui Jiang, Xiansheng Zhang

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China; Institute of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China; Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Genitourinary Diseases, Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China., Department of Andrology, Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China., The Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China., Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China; Institute of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China; Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Genitourinary Diseases, Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China. Electronic address: .

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