Management of severe complications following penile surgery for erectile dysfunction and Peyronie disease: Three case reports.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) and Peyronie's disease (PD) are conditions commonly observed in andrology. Despite the surgical refinement and the technical improvement in this field, even in expert hands, detrimental consequences have been reported and it can be related to patient's comorbidities or misconduct in the postoperative period. In this article we report anecdotal cases of severe complications following penile surgery for ED and PD in high volume centers, describe the strategies adopted to treat it and discuss the options that would have helped preventing these events.

The first case describes a patient with history of ED and PD causing penile shortening and a slight dorsal deviation of penile shaft. In the second case it is described a corporeal necrosis and urethral fistula following inflatable penile prosthesis implant. In the last case it is described the migration of reservoir into the abdomen after inflatable penile prosthesis implantation post-radical prostatectomy.

All 3 patients were investigated with a penile doppler ultrasound with PGE1 intracorporeal injection for ED and PD diagnosis. An abdominal computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging were ordered for patient of case three.

The patients underwent different combined procedures depending on the case and including: glansectomy, penile prosthesis implantation associated with a penile elongation with double dorsal-ventral patch graft ("sliding technique"), penile urethroplasty with buccal mucosa graft, and laparotomy for reservoir removal.

No further serious complications were reported after the procedures described.

Penile surgery in patients with concomitant PD and systemic comorbidities can be at high risk of complications. As shown in this series there are possible dramatic evolution of these complications that may cause irreversible consequences to the patient. For this reason, a dedicated surgical and nursing team is necessary to reduce the chances that it happens. When this event occurs, a team trained in their management can improve the patient outcome.

Medicine. 2020 Feb [Epub]

Carlo Bettocchi, Valeria Santoro, Francesco Sebastiani, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Fulvio Colombo, David John Ralph, Mohamad Habous, Pasquale Ditonno, Michele Battaglia, Marco Spilotros

Division of Urology, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, Bari., Department of Urology, Sant'Orsola Hospital - University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy., The Institute of Urology, University College London Hospitals, London, UK., Department of Urology and Andrology, Elaj Medical Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

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