Etiology of Erectile Dysfunction and Duration of Symptoms in Patients Undergoing Penile Prosthesis: A Systematic Review.

Inadequate treatment of men with erectile dysfunction (ED) subjects them and their partners to lost quality of life, yet little is known about the cause and duration of symptoms that lead to penile prosthesis (PP) placement.

We performed a systematic review addressing cause and duration of symptoms before implantation.

We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane for articles published between January 1, 1965-July 20, 2016, reporting on PP for ED. Studies were assessed for quality. Body of evidence strength was categorized in accordance to American Urological Association (AUA) categorization: grade A (well-conducted, highly-generalizable randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or exceptionally strong observational studies with consistent findings), grade B (RCTs with some weaknesses of procedure/generalizability or moderately strong observational studies with consistent findings), or grade C (RCTs with serious deficiencies of procedure/generalizability, have small sample sizes, or other problems that potentially confound interpretation). This review was performed as part of the 2018 AUA ED Clinical Guidelines, with the support of the AUA.

Cause and duration of symptoms before PP were assessed.

We reviewed 113 articles constituting 150 study arms. All studies were observational (body of evidence strength grade C). Of these arms, only 19 reported on ED duration. Mean duration was 56 months for men undergoing inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) placement (38.7 months for those after prostatectomy) and 72 months for those undergoing malleable penile prosthesis placement. Diabetic patients undergoing IPP had mean ED duration of 75 months. Among arms reporting on IPPs, causes of ED were vascular disease (47 arms; range 2.9-62.0%; mean 31.9%), diabetes (61 arms; range 12.8-77.8%; mean 28.3%), and pelvic surgery or trauma (49 arms; range 0.5-49.7%; mean 20.3%).

Nearly all men undergoing PP have ED of organic causes, whereas diabetic patients and patients receiving malleable penile prosthesis have the longest ED duration. Factors driving this relative delay require additional investigation. Post-prostatectomy IPP placement is offered relatively late, on average. Bajic P, Mahon J, Faraday M, et al. Etiology of Erectile Dysfunction and Duration of Symptoms in Patients Undergoing Penile Prosthesis: A Systematic Review. Sex Med Rev 2019;XX:XXX-XXX.

Sexual medicine reviews. 2019 Jul 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Petar Bajic, Joseph Mahon, Martha Faraday, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad, Lawrence Hakim, Kevin T McVary

Center for Male Health, Department of Urology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA., AUA Guidelines Office, Lithincum, MD, USA., Department of Urology, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ, USA; Division of Urology, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA., Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, FL, USA., Center for Male Health, Department of Urology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA. Electronic address: .