Macrophages play a critical role in the process of excessive stromal proliferation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In our previous study, we used a BPH mouse model to elucidate a potential mechanism whereby macrophage infiltration promotes stromal cell proliferation in the prostate via the androgen receptor (AR)/inflammatory cytokine CCL3-dependent pathway. In our present study, we used the co-culture system of human macrophages and various prostatic zone stromal cells to further demonstrate that infiltrating macrophages promote prostatic stromal cell proliferation through stromal AR-dependent pathways, and we show that the stroma of TZ and PZ respond to macrophages differently because of differences in stromal AR signaling; this could possibly be one of the key pathways for stromal expansion during BPH development and progression. We hypothesize that AR and different downstream inflammatory mediators between TZ and PZ could serve as potential targets for the future design of therapeutic agents for BPH and our results provide significant insights into the search for targeted therapeutic approaches to battle BPH.
EXCLI journal. 2017 Jun 22*** epublish ***
Dongliang Xu, Xingjie Wang, Chenyi Jiang, Yuan Ruan, Shujie Xia, Xiaohai Wang
Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, Address: No. 100 Haining Road, Hongkou district, Post code: 200080, Shanghai, China; Telephone: +86 13916482122 (Wang); Telephone: +86 15301655577 (Xia).