To investigate the clinical impact of performing prostate artery embolization (PAE) on patients with adenomatous-dominant benign prostatic hyperplasia (AdBPH).
Twelve patients from the ongoing proSTatic aRtery EmbolizAtion for the treatMent of benign prostatic hyperplasia (STREAM) trial were identified as having AdBPH; defined as two or more adenomas within the central gland of ≥1 cm diameter on multi-parametric MRI (MP-MRI).
These patients were age-matched with patients from the STREAM cohort, without AdBPH. Patients were followed up with repeat MP-MRI at 3 months and 1 year. International prostate symptom score (IPSS), international index for erectile function (IIEF), and quality of life assessment from the IPSS and EQ-5D-5S questionnaires were recorded pre-PAE and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year.
The mean age of patients was 68 (61-76). All patients had PAE as a day-case procedure. The technical success in the cohort was 23/24 (96%). There was a significant reduction in prostate volume following embolization with a median reduction of 34% (30-55) in the AdBPH group, compared to a mean volume reduction of 22% (9-44) in the non-AdBPH group (p = 0.04). There was a significant reduction in IPSS in the AdBPH group following PAE when compared with the control group [AdBPH median IPSS 8 (3-15) vs. non-AdBPH median IPSS 13 (8-18), p = 0.01]. IPSS QOL scores significantly improved in the AdBPH group (p = 0.007). There was no deterioration in sexual function in either group post-PAE.
This is the first time that AdBPH has been identified as being a predictor of clinical success following PAE.
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Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 2017 Feb 13 [Epub ahead of print]
M W Little, P Boardman, A C Macdonald, N Taylor, R Macpherson, J Crew, C R Tapping
Department of Radiology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK. ., Department of Radiology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK., Department of Urology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK., Department of Radiology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK. .