Metabolic syndrome and benign prostatic hyperplasia: association or coincidence?

It has been suggested that individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be prone to developing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but the direction of causality remains uncertain. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between BPH and MetS in men who were referred to surgery for BPH.

We were interested in identifying the anthropometric, metabolic, and hormonal factors that potentially influence the risk of both conditions.

The study was conducted on 128 males with BPH and 141 without BPH (the control group). Fasting glucose, insulin, lipid profiles, total and free testosterone, estradiol, sex-hormone binding protein (SHBG), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) index, and lipid accumulation product (LAP) were all evaluated.

The prevalence of MetS was higher in patients with BPH than in the controls (58 vs. 41 %; P = 0. 007). In comparison to the controls, patients with BPH had higher levels of cholesterol, low density lipoproteins, DHEA-S, insulin, and HOMA-IR, but lower levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), estradiol, and SHBG. The significant predictors of BPH were MetS (OR = 1. 961), age (OR = 0. 11), HDL (OR = 0. 91), insulin (OR = 1. 224), SHBG (OR = 0. 98), and estradiol (OR = 0. 978). Waist circumference and LAP inversely correlated with total and free testosterone and SHBG.

Our study confirmed the frequent coexistence of MetS and BPH. This association seems to be a consequence of the MetS-related metabolic derangements, changes in the sex-hormone milieu, and lowered SHBG levels.

Diabetology & metabolic syndrome. 2015 Oct 29*** epublish ***

Aleksandra Rył, Iwona Rotter, Tomasz Miazgowski, Marcin Słojewski, Barbara Dołęgowska, Anna Lubkowska, Maria Laszczyńska

Chair and Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Department of Hypertension and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Department of Urology and Urological Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Molecular Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Department of Physical Medicine and Functional Diagnostics, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. , Chair and Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

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