Laser enucleation of the prostate (LEP) vs. simple prostatectomy: an analysis of hospital charges and comparison of practice trends.

Laser enucleation of the prostate (LEP) and simple prostatectomy (SP) are surgical treatment options for large gland Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. While multiple studies compare clinical outcomes of these procedures, there are limited data available comparing hospital charges in the United States. Here, we present current practice trends and a hospital charge analysis on a national level using an annual insurance claims data repository.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample and Nationwide Ambulatory Surgery Sample databases for 2018 were queried. CPT and ICD-10PCS codes identified patients undergoing LEP or SP, who were then compared for practice setting, total hospital charges, and payor. Laser type for LEP and surgical approach for SP could not be differentiated.

The median hospital charge of 5782 LEPs and 973 SPs is $26,689 and $51,250 (p < 0.001), respectively. LEP independently predicts a decreased hospital charge of $16,464 (p < 0.001) per case. Medicare is the primary payor for both procedures. More LEP procedures are completed in the outpatient setting (87.8%) vs. SPs (5.7%, p < 0.001). Median length of stay is longer for SP (LEP: 0, IQR: 0; SP: 3, IQR: 2-4; p < 0.001). In the Western region, LEP is least commonly performed (184, p < 0.001), most expensive ($43,960; p < 0.001), and has longer length of stay (2, p < 0.001).

LEP should be considered a cost-effective alternative to SP. Regions of the U.S. that perform more LEPs have shorter length of stay and lower hospital charges associated with the procedure.

International urology and nephrology. 2023 Aug 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Valmic S Patel, Matthew R Beamer, Thomas H Sanford, Scott V Wiener

Norton College of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA., Department of Urology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA., Hawaii Pacific Health, Urology, Honolulu, USA., Department of Urology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA. .