The American Urological Association makes recommendations for evaluation and testing for lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) to help primary care providers and specialists identify LUTS/BPH and harmful related conditions including urinary retention and prostate or bladder cancer. Our understanding of provider adherence to these Guidelines is limited to single-site or nonrepresentative settings.
We analyzed two insurance claims databases: the Optum® de-identified Clinformatics® Data Mart database for privately insured males aged 40-64 years (N ≈ 1,650,900 annually) and the Medicare 5% Sample for males aged ≥65 years (N ≈ 546,000 annually). We calculated the annual prevalence of LUTS/BPH and comorbid bladder cancer and bladder stones from 2004 to 2013. We additionally examined LUTS/BPH incidence and adherence to testing guidelines in a cohort of men newly diagnosed with LUTS/BPH in 2009.
While LUTS/BPH prevalence and incidence increased with increasing age, evaluation testing became less common. Urinalysis was the most common testing type but was performed in <60% of incident patients. Serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was the second most common test across age groups (range: 15-34%). Prevalence of comorbid bladder cancer (range: 0-4%), but not bladder stones (range: 1-2%), increased with increasing age.
Although older men were at greater risk of LUTS/BPH than younger men, they were less likely to undergo testing at diagnosis. Recommended testing with urinalysis was poor despite higher prevalence of bladder cancer in older men and a standard recommendation for urinalysis since 1994. Providers should be more cognizant of AUA Guidelines when assessing LUTS/BPH patients.
Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases. 2021 Sep 20 [Epub ahead of print]
Charles Welliver, Lydia Feinstein, Julia B Ward, Ziya Kirkali, Erline E Martinez-Miller, Brian R Matlaga, Kevin McVary
Division of Urology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA., Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., a DLH Holdings Company, Durham, NC, USA. ., Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., a DLH Holdings Company, Durham, NC, USA., National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA., Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA., Center for Male Health, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.