A randomized placebo-controlled study: Phellodendron Bawei tablets combined with standard management can improve storage symptoms, sleep quality, and medication compliance in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia compared to placebo with standard man

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common micturition disorder in middle-aged and elderly males, and it is one of the most common urology-related diseases worldwide. However, standard therapeutic drugs (α1-receptor blockers + 5α reductase inhibitors) do not provide anti-inflammatory or anti-infective effects. The Phellodendron Bawei tablet is a proprietary Chinese medicine with anti-inflammatory and anti-infective effects. Here, we analyzed whether the combination of standard therapeutic drugs and Phellodendron Bawei tablets has more advantages than placebo with standard management in improving the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTs), sleep quality, sexual function, and medication compliance in patients with BPH.

This study was a prospective, double-blind, single-center, 6-month clinical trial in patients with BPH. Male patients, 45-75 years old, a history of moderate-to-severe BPH/LUTs for more than 6 months, moderate-to-severe LUTs [International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8], maximum urine flow rate (Qmax) of <15 mL/s, and prostate volume (PV) of >30 mL. All patients were randomly divided into two cohorts at baseline. The standard management (SM) group was treated with tamsulosin + finasteride + placebo, while the experimental group was treated with tamsulosin + finasteride + Phellodendron Bawei tablets. The clinical indicators were as follows: Age, body mass index (BMI), blood prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PV, Qmax, IPSS; IPSS voiding subscore (IPSS-V), IPSS storage subscore (IPSS-S), and IPSS quality of life (IPSS-QOL)], five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IEFF-5) score, Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) score, and the Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ). And adverse drug reactions were observed. Student's t-test was used to analyze results.

We randomly divided 120 patients into two groups, with 60 patients in each group, and a total of 105 patients completed the study. IPSS-S (P=0.027) and AIS scores (P<0.001) improved more significantly in the Phellodendron Bawei tablets + SM group, and the MAQ score in this group was lower (P=0.003).

Phellodendron Bawei tablets combined with α1-receptor blockers and 5α-reductase inhibitors can improve lower urinary tract symptoms associated with urine storage, sleep quality, and medication compliance in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia compared to placebo with standard management.

Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100046463.

Translational andrology and urology. 2021 Aug [Epub]

Yu-Chen Gong, Xiang Chen, Qing-Tian Song, Yu Gan, Bo Zhang, Bing-Sheng Li, Zhi Chen, Yao He

Department of Urology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

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