Acute urinary retention in a 27-year-old male secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with Holmium Enucleation of the Prostate (HOLEP).

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in the ageing male. Clinical manifestations like retention impact on a patient's quality of life. Alterations in androgen activity at the androgen receptor complex level in the prostate contribute to prostatic hyperplasia with the highest incidence occurring in males in their 70's. There remains a paucity of cases in young males who develop acute urinary retention secondary to BPH. We present a case of a 27-year-old male who developed acute urinary retention secondary to BPH who required a Holmium Laser Enucleation of his Prostate (HOLEP).

A 27 year old man was admitted in acute urinary retention. BPH was diagnosed via way of radiological imaging and histological assessment. After pre-operative sperm banking and suprapubic catheterisation, the patient underwent a HOLEP. He had biochemically confirmed hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism which was at odds with his muscular, physical appearance. Total testosterone levels had fluctuated following admission suggesting an exogenous substance was interfering with the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis but he denied exogenous steroid use.

The patient successfully passed his voiding trial on the second post-operative day and remained catheter free. Post-operative uroflowmetry and sexual function remain unknown as patient disengaged with follow up.

HOLEP prostatectomy is a safe and effective way of managing BPH in younger patients following sperm banking and assessment by endocrinology.

Urologia. 2021 May 19 [Epub ahead of print]

Timothy P Napier-Hemy, Alan King Lun Liu, Michael S Floyd, Sid McNulty, Ahmad M Omar, Rahul Mistry, Hosea By Gana

Department of Urology, Whiston Hospital, St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Prescot, Liverpool, UK., Department of Endocrinology, Whiston Hospital, St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Prescot, Liverpool, UK.