Uncertainty remains whether it is best for men to void in a sitting or standing position. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of standing and sitting voiding position on uroflowmetry parameters and post void residual urine (PVRU) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and healthy men. A total of 116 participants with BPH (Group 1) and 78 healthy men (Group 2) were enrolled in the study. The uroflowmetry parameters were measured in both positions. The PVRU volume was measured using transabdominal ultrasound after each voiding. Uroflowmetry parameters and PVRU were measured and compared between the two different voiding positions using Wilcoxon signed rank test. In Group 1, there were significant statistical differences in uroflowmetry parameters between standing and sitting voiding position. The median of maximum flow rate in Group 1 in standing and sitting position was 14.7 ml/s (IQR; 11.7-17.5) and 11 ml/s (IQR; 8.9-13.3), respectively (p < .0001). The median voided volume at standing position was 340 ml (IQR; 276-455) while it was 267 ml (IQR; 194-390) at sitting position (p < .0001). Median average flow rate in standing position was 5.9 ml/s (IQR; 4.5-7.5) and 5 ml (IQR; 3.2-6.4) in sitting position. There was a statistically significant difference between the median of PVRU in standing and sitting position (p < .0001). In patients with BPH, voiding in standing position showed better uroflowmetry parameters and significant less PVRU volume.
American journal of men's health. 0000 Jan [Epub]
Adel Alrabadi, Saddam Al Demour, Hammam Mansi, Sohaib AlHamss, Lujain Al Omari
Department of Special Surgery, Division of Urology, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.