The clinical application of combination suprapubic prostatectomy with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in patients with large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

To investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of suprapubic prostatectomy with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the treatment of large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of two methods of treatment with 60 cases of a large volume BPH (>100 g) from January 2011 to 2017; the methods were suprapubic prostatectomy and suprapubic prostatectomy combination with TURP, in which the single open group comprised 30 cases, treated using the former method, and the combined open group comprised the other 30 cases, treated using the latter method. In the combined open group, the residual prostate gland was removed by TURP. We compared both the groups of patients using age, prostate volume, international prostate symptom score (IPSS), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), maximum flow rate, residual urine, operation time, hospitalization time, postoperative washing time, blood transfusion rate, and decreased amount of intraoperative hemoglobin in operation, and compared the preoperative and postoperative IPSS, maximum flow rate, and residual urine volume.

There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, prostate volume, IPSS, PSA, maximum flow rate, residual urine, and other clinical data ( P > 0.05); the single group operation time, postoperative bladder irrigation time, hospitalization time, blood transfusion rate, and decreased amount of intraoperative hemoglobin were significantly greater in the single open group than in the combined open group, and statistically significant differences were observed between both the groups ( P < 0.05). Postoperative voiding function improved significantly compared with the preoperative, and a statistically significant difference was observed ( P < 0.05).

The combination of suprapubic prostatectomy with TURP is an effective and a safe surgical method for the treatment of patients with large volume BPH. It is certainly worthy of clinical application.

Urologia. 2019 Mar 14 [Epub ahead of print]

Shiping Wei, Fan Cheng, Weiming Yu

Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

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