National trends in surgical therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia in Australia.

To determine national trends in the utilization of surgical procedures for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Australia over the last 20 years.

The Medicare Australia and Australian Institute of Health and Welfare databases were used to determine the annual number of surgical procedures and hospital admissions for BPH.

From 1998 to 2017, surgical procedures for BPH have increased by 79% which is largely commensurate with population growth. From 1998 to 2008, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was the predominant surgical therapy, accounting for 96% of all surgical treatments. From 2008 to 2017, TURP use reduced to 70% and in the last 5 years has been replaced with photoselective vaporization (16%), UroLift (8%) and holmium laser prostatectomy (6%). UroLift is used significantly more in younger men (P < 0.001).

There has been a substantial increase in surgical treatments for BPH over the last 20 years. In the last 5 years, TURP use has declined due to an increase in laser prostatectomy and UroLift procedures.

ANZ journal of surgery. 2019 Feb 01 [Epub ahead of print]

Rohan M Patel, Simon Bariol

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia., Department of Urology, Westmead Hospital and Discipline of Surgery, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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