Risk factors for urethral stricture and/or bladder neck contracture after monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia

To identify risk factors for urethral stricture and/or bladder neck contracture after transurethral resection of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

We performed a retrospective analysis of 402 patients, which underwent a monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate in the urology clinic of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University for prostatic hyperplasia during the period 2011-2014. Urethral stricture and (or) bladder neck contracture in the postoperative period were diagnosed in 61 (15.27%) patients; 34 patients (8.6%) had urethral stricture, 20 (4.97%) bladder neck contracture, and 7 (1.7%) had a combination of urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture. In 341 of cases (84.73%), no late postoperative complications were observed. A total of 106 of the 341 patients met the inclusion criteria, hence, containing all the information necessary for analysis such as the volume of the prostate, the duration of the surgery, the size of the endoscope, data on concomitant diseases, analysis prostatic secretion, and so on. Thus, two groups were formed. Group 1 (106 patients) is the control group in which urethral strictures and/or bladder neck contractures did not occur in the long-term postoperative period and group 2 (61 patients), in which was observed the formation of these complications. To calculate the statistical significance of the differences for categorical data, Fisher criterion was used. For quantitative variables, in the case of normal data distribution, an unpaired t-test or one-way analysis of variance was used; for data having a distribution different from normal, a Mann-Whitney rank test was used.

Regression analysis established the significance of the influence of four factors on the development of scar-sclerotic changes of urethra and bladder neck: the tool diameter 27 Fr ( p < 0.0001), presence of prostatitis in past medical history ( p < 0.0001), prostate volume ( p = 0.003), and redraining of the bladder ( p = 0.0162).

The relationship between the diameter of the instrument, presence of chronic prostatitis in anamnesis, increased volume of the prostate, and repeated drainage of the bladder using the urethral catheter with the risk of developing scar-sclerotic changes in the urethra and/or bladder neck are statistically reliable and confirmed as a result of regression analysis.

Urologia. 2018 Apr 04 [Epub]

Anton Grechenkov, Roman Sukhanov, Eugene Bezrukov, Denis Butnaru, Guido Barbagli, Igor Vasyutin, Alexander Tivtikyan, Leonid Rapoport, Yury Alyaev, Peter Glybochko

1 Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia., 4 Centro Chirurgico Toscano, Arezzo, Italy., 3 Research Institute of Molecular Medicine, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.