To examine the response to an α2receptor agonist used as a sedative for patients using long-term selective α1 blockers.
Sixty-nine consecutive patients undergoing transurethral prostate resection or holmium laser resection of the prostateunder spinal anesthesia were divided into two groups; group N (n = 37), which did not receive α1 blockers, and group T (n = 32), which was administered tamsulosin for at least 1 month before the study. Bispectral index scores, Modified Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scale scores, heart rate, and mean blood pressure were obtained under sedation using dexmedetomidine for 30 min during surgery.
The only significant difference found between the groups were mean bloodpressure 15 min after the first loading dose injection of dexmedetomidine. Differencesbetween both groupswere noted at 15 min(group T: 100.2 ± 12.9 mmHg; group N: 90.0 ± 17.5 mmHg; P = 0.08), 20 min (group T: 99.8 ± 12.3 mmHg; group N: 87.4 ± 15.0 mmHg; P < 0.00), 25 min (group T: 99.3 ± 13.4 mmHg; group N: 85.4 ± 13.8 mmHg; P < 0.00), and 30 min (group T: 98.8 ± 13.1 mmHg; group N: 84.5 ± 13.5 mmHg; P < 0.00).
The use of α2 agonists is appropriate during surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia patients using tamsulosin, and there is no need to alter the dose. Alertness with anesthesia involving α2 agents was maintained for patients using long-term tamsulosin and patients who did not use tamsulosin.
The study was retrospectively registered with the Clinical Research Informational Service ( KCT0002967 , July 2, 2018).
BMC anesthesiology. 2018 Sep 27*** epublish ***
Do-Won Lee, Jiseok Baik, Giyoung Yun, Soeun Jeon, Hyae-Jin Kim, Eun-Soo Kim, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Jae-Young Kwon
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, 179 Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan-si, 49241, South Korea., Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, 179 Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan-si, 49241, South Korea. .