BACKGROUND - Andropause is the gradual reduction of the male sex hormone (testosterone) with increasing age. Its symptoms are sexual dysfunction, weakness, fatigue, insomnia, loss of motivation, mood disorders and reduction of bone density.
Treatment of andropause with testosterone has been recently considered.
OBJECTIVES - The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of testosterone in the treatment of andropause in men.
PATIENTS AND METHODS - For men who met the inclusion criteria (50 years of age and older) laboratory tests and clinical examinations were conducted by an urologist in order to diagnose prostate cancer, prostate disease, urinary tract infection and active urinary retention. After obtaining consent, the patients were enrolled in the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage, mean, standard deviation) and the paired t-test were used to compare levels of testosterone. To determine the correlation between age and testosterone levels, the Pearson correlation was used. Finally, to compare the treatment processes during the treatment period the repeated measures ANOVA was used.
RESULTS - The mean age of patients was 56. 57 ± 3. 21 years. A total of 31 patients (39%) were smokers, among them 30% smoked daily, 2. 5% weekly and 6% smoked for fun. The mean testosterone level before treatment was 240. 6 ± 125. 4 and at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment the level was raised, so that at the end of the sixth months it was 578. 7 ± 141. 7. The level of increase was statistically significant (P = 0. 0001).
CONCLUSIONS - Treatment with testosterone in men over 50 years with andropause will increase testosterone levels and also quality of life, sexual desire, erection, energy levels, ability to exercise and feel the joy of life more than before. Depression was decreased and they had sleepy feelings after dinner.
Iranian Red Crescent medical journal. 2015 Dec 26*** epublish ***
Heshmatollah Sofimajidpour, Taher Teimoori, Fardin Gharibi
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran. , Tohid Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran. , Health Management Department, Tohid Haspital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, IR Iran.