Testicular Cancer

Mutational signatures among young-onset testicular cancers.

Incidence of testicular cancer is highest among young adults and has been increasing dramatically for men born since 1945. This study aimed to elucidate the factors driving this trend by investigating differences in mutational signatures by age of onset.

Leydig Cell Hyperplasia and Childhood Mumps: A Case Report

Abstract

This report describes a case of an otherwise fit 43-year-old male, with a background of childhood mumps orchitis and subsequent infertility, presenting with left hemi-scrotal pain. Histology demonstrated Leydig cell hyperplasia. To the best of our knowledge, we describe the first case of Leydig cell hyperplasia following mumps orchitis.

Narrative review of developing new biomarkers for decision making in advanced testis cancer.

Management of testicular germ cell tumor (GCT) patients is based on clinical determinants, mainly CT scan and serum tumor markers (alpha-fetoprotein, beta subunit of HCG and LDH). Treatment decisions are usually straightforward for patients with clear evidence of metastatic disease, confirmed either by imaging tests or by unequivocal elevated tumor markers.

Seasonal Variations in the Diagnosis of Testicular Germ Cell Tumors: A National Cancer Registry Study in Austria.

We conducted a retrospective National Cancer Registry study in Austria to assess a possible seasonal variation in the clinical diagnosis of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT). In total, 3615 testicular cancer diagnoses were identified during an 11-year period from 2008 to 2018.

Management of stage I testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy amongst young men, and a large proportion present with stage I disease. The options for management following radical orchiectomy are multifold. We review here approaches to treatment in this setting, providing an update on recent publications.

Contemporary options and future perspectives: three examples highlighting the challenges in testicular cancer imaging.

One of the main issues in testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) management is to reduce the necessary amount of treatment to achieve cure. Excess treatment burden may arise from late diagnosis of the primary as well as from false positive or negative staging results.

Therapy of clinical stage IIA and IIB seminoma: a systematic review.

The optimal treatment for clinical stage (CS) IIA/IIB seminomas is still controversial. We evaluated current treatment options.

A systematic review was performed. Only randomized clinical trials and comparative studies published from January 2010 until February 2021 were included.

Preoperative clinical and radiographic predictors of major vascular surgery in patients with testicular cancer undergoing post-chemotherapy residual tumor resection (PC-RPLND).

To evaluate the probability to correctly predict major vascular surgery (MVS) in patients undergoing postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) for testicular cancer.

From a database of 504 RPLNDs performed in 434 patients (2008-2018), 78 patients submitted to PC-RPLND for non-seminoma germ-cell cancer after cisplatin-based chemotherapy with available preoperative CT scans were identified.

Outcomes of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer by a high volume surgeon from Australia: a case for centralisation.

There are few studies examining retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) for testicular cancer in Australia. This study examines the perioperative outcomes, complications and survival rates following RPLND, by a high volume, single surgeon.

Outcomes of Postchemotherapy Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection from a High-volume UK Centre Compared with a National Data Set.

Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is essential for the treatment of metastatic germ cell tumours of the testis. Recommendations on the referral and management of complex urological cancers in the UK includes centralisation of services to regional centres.

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