Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is a relatively rare entity tumor, accounting for only 1% of all male cancers. However, it is the most common solid tumor in young men between 15 and 34 years old.
Testicular cancer survivors are at risk for cardiovascular disease, often preceded by early development of cardiovascular risk factors due to chemotherapeutic treatment. Therefore, close collaboration between oncologists and primary care physicians (PCPs) is needed during follow-up to monitor and manage cardiovascular risk factors.
To evaluate if optimised and standardised diagnostic procedures would improve detection of germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS) in the contralateral testis of patients with testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT), and decrease the rate of metachronous tumours, which in the nationwide Danish study was estimated as 1.
Despite having a favorable response to platinum-based chemotherapies, ~15% of Testicular Germ-Cell Tumor (TGCT) patients are platinum-resistant. Mortality rates among Latin American countries have remained constant over time, which makes the study of this population of particular interest.
To present the current evidence and the development of studies in recent years on the management of extragonadal germ cell tumors (EGCT).
A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline and the Cochrane Library.
Testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs) are the most common malignancy among young men. Management of GCTs relies on the serum tumour markers α-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin, and lactate dehydrogenase, among other parameters.
This study was performed to evaluate the clinical and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) and open retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (O-RPLND) performed by one surgeon at a single center.
Germ cell tumor with malignant transformation is extremely rare. We present a case of testicular primitive neuroectodermal tumor with multiple metastases that was effectively managed by surgery, irradiation, and second-line chemotherapy.
Testicular cancer (TC) treatment leaves many patients with low levels of testosterone. While most TC patients with low testosterone (< - 2 SD) and hypogonadal symptoms will initiate testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), the role of TRT in patients with mild Leydig cell insufficiency, defined as elevated luteinizing hormone in combination with borderline low testosterone, is unknown.
Incidental detection of urogenital tumors has increased in recent decades owing to the greater use of ultrasonography and cross-sectional imaging. For patients with low-risk prostate cancer or small renal masses, active surveillance represents a valid treatment option.