Prostate Cancer

MRI-Targeted Prostate Biopsy: What Radiologists Should Know.

Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided systematic biopsy, the current gold standard for the detection of prostate cancer, suffers from low sensitivity for clinically significant cancer. The use of diagnostic multiparametric MRI has increased the relevance of targeted biopsy techniques such as MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy and direct (in-bore) MRI-guided biopsy, which have higher detection rate for clinically significant cancer.

The role of metabolic syndrome in high grade prostate cancer: development of a clinical nomogram.

The aim of our study is to develop a clinical nomogram including metabolic syndrome status for the prediction of high-grade prostate cancer (HG PCa).

A series of men at increased risk of PCa undergoing prostate biopsies were enrolled in a single center.

Changes in lifestyle among prostate cancer survivors: a nationwide population-based study.

Long term information on lifestyle changes among prostate survivors is lacking. In this nation-wide, population-based study we investigated the prevalence of lifestyle changes, factors associated with lifestyle changes and associations between lifestyle changes and general quality of life.

Role of pH Regulatory Proteins and Dysregulation of pH in Prostate Cancer.

Prostate cancer is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer, and although it is often a slow-growing malignancy, it is the second leading cause of cancer-associated deaths in men and the first in Europe and North America.

DNMT1 and DNMT3B regulate tumorigenicity of human prostate cancer cells by controlling RAD9 expression through targeted methylation.

Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer death in American men. RAD9 stabilizes the genome, but prostate cancer cells and tumors often have high quantities of the protein.

Tolmar Affirms Full Supply of Eligard (Leuprolide Acetate) for Injectable Suspension for the Palliative Management of Advanced Prostate Cancer

Company increases manufacturing capacity of U.S.-made drug to ensure uninterrupted supply for patients undergoing treatment amid industry shortage

San Francisco, CA ( Tolmar Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a specialty pharmaceutical company, affirmed the full availability of ELIGARD® (leuprolide acetate) for injectable suspension in all doses for patients undergoing palliative treatment for advanced prostate cancer. The company confirmed the complete inventory of product supply and also announced a production increase in response to reports of a shortage in the United States for a different leuprolide acetate injection product used in the palliative treatment for advanced prostate cancer. Tolmar has a demonstrated record of providing a consistent supply of ELIGARD in the U.S. and globally across approximately 89 countries, with no shortages to date.

Predicting new drug indications for prostate cancer: The integration of an in silico proteochemometric network pharmacology platform with patient-derived primary prostate cells.

Drug repurposing enables the discovery of potential cancer treatments using publically available data from over 4000 published Food and Drug Administration approved and experimental drugs. However, the ability to effectively evaluate the drug's efficacy remains a challenge.

Optimizing the management of castration-resistant prostate cancer patients: A practical guide for clinicians.

Advanced prostate cancer (PC) patients, especially those with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC), often require complex management pathways. Despite the publication of clinical practice guidelines by leading urological and oncological organizations that provide a substantial and comprehensive framework, there are numerous clinical scenarios that are not always addressed, especially as new treatments become available, new imaging modalities are developed, and advances in genetic testing continue.

Added value of systematic biopsy in men with a clinical suspicion of prostate cancer undergoing biparametric MRI-targeted biopsy: multi-institutional external validation study.

We aimed to develop and externally validate a nomogram based on MRI volumetric parameters and clinical information for deciding when SBx should be performed in addition to TBx in man with suspicious prostate MRI.

The Value of a New Diagnostic Test for Prostate Cancer: A Cost-Utility Analysis in Early Stage of Development.

Standard biopsy for prostate cancer diagnosis is an unpleasant and sometimes painful procedure with a detection rate as low as around 50%. Consequently, an accurate blood-based test would be highly desirable to improve the predictive accuracy.

Inhibition of TMPRSS2 by HAI-2 reduces prostate cancer cell invasion and metastasis.

TMPRSS2 is an important membrane-anchored serine protease involved in human prostate cancer progression and metastasis. A serine protease physiologically often comes together with a cognate inhibitor for execution of proteolytically biologic function; however, TMPRSS2's cognate inhibitor is still elusive.

Prostate-specific Membrane Antigen PET: Therapy Response Assessment in Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Therapy response assessment is a critical step in cancer management, leading clinicians to optimize the use of therapeutic options during the course of the disease. Imaging is a pivotal biomarker for therapy response evaluation in oncology and has gained wider use through the development of reproducible data-based guidelines, of which the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors is the most successful example.

Review of Radium-223 and Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer.

Background: Radium-223 is approved for treatment of bone metastases in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). After the ALSYMPCA trial showed overall survival benefit with the addition of radium-223 to standard of care in mCRPC in 2013, there have been numerous publications and trials using radium-223 in mCRPC.

Focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation for localized prostate cancer: Safety and feasibility.

To evaluate the safety and feasibility of focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation in men with localized prostate cancer.

A review of 10 patients treated with a novel bipolar radiofrequency ablation probe integrated in a coil design (Encage; Trod Medical, Bradenton, FL, USA) between 2011 and 2017 in two prospective pilot trials.

The impact of complications after initial prostate biopsy on repeat protocol biopsy acceptance rate. Results from the Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance JAPAN study.

Patients with favorable-risk prostate cancer on active surveillance (AS) are strictly followed for safer execution. Repeat protocol biopsy is essential for evaluating cancer aggressiveness. However, the acceptance rate of repeat biopsy is not high enough because of the burdens of biopsy.

Health disparities and inequities in the utilization of diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer.

To review and summarize the reported health disparities and inequities in diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer.

We queried the PubMed search engine for original publications studying disparate utilization of diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer.

Effect of core needle biopsy number on intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) diagnosis in patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.

The number of core needle biopsies in metastatic prostate cancer cases are sometimes reduced to avoid various complications. We analyzed whether core needle biopsy number influence IDC-P detection rate in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC).

Clinical outcomes of definitive whole pelvic radiotherapy for clinical lymph node metastatic prostate cancer.

In this study, we aim to present the clinical outcomes of radiotherapy (RT) in clinical pelvic lymph node-positive prostate cancer (cN1) patients. We also analyze the prognostic factors with focus on RT dose escalation to metastatic lymph nodes (LN).

Dr. Answer AI for prostate cancer: Clinical outcome prediction model and service.

The importance of clinical outcome prediction models using artificial intelligence (AI) is being emphasized owing to the increasing necessity of developing a clinical decision support system (CDSS) employing AI.

Haptoglobin polymorphism and prostate cancer mortality.

Prostate cancer is a common malignancy in men worldwide and it is known that oxidative stress is a risk factor for cancer development. A common functional haptoglobin (Hp) polymorphism, originating from a duplication of a gene segment spanning over two exons, results in three distinct phenotypes with different anti-oxidative capacities: Hp1-1, Hp1-2, and Hp2-2.