This abstract provides data on 57 patients who either received abiraterone + androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or abiraterone alone for mCRPC. Unlike the abstract by Carsten H. Ohlmann, MD et al, this was a non-randomized, retrospective review of patients.
The majority of patients received abiraterone + ADT (36), 10 patients received abiraterone alone, and 11 patients transitioned from the combination to abiraterone alone. Testosterone levels were measured 235 times amongst all patients and was undetectable (<2 ng/dL) in the majority of patients (134/152, 88%) on the combination therapy as well as on abiraterone alone (86/99, 87%). For those patients with testosterone levels >2 ng/dL, no patients in the combination arm had testosterone greater than 30 ng/dL, and 1 patient in the abiraterone alone arm had a testosterone level above 30 ng/dL.
Cost analysis was conducted in this study with the price of leuprolide injection set at $5252.86 for a 3-month injection. Based on that assumption, this study estimated that omission of leuprolide would have resulted in a cost savings of $1.29 million. Furthermore, now that abiraterone is used in the metastatic castration sensitive setting based on data from STAMPEDE and LATITUDE, exclusion of leuprolide in an earlier setting may prove even more cost-effective.
The authors here examine the ability of abiraterone to suppress testosterone alone without leuprolide. This was a non-randomized study with a very small cohort of patients, but it nevertheless provides thought-provoking data regarding the use of abiraterone alone without the addition of leuprolide. For this practice to shift to the standard of care, larger randomized studies are necessary to demonstrate that ADT + Abiraterone is equivalent to Abiraterone alone. From a cost-effectiveness standpoint, the healthcare system would save $20,000 every year for a patient who is on single agent abiraterone without leuprolide based on the cost assumptions by the authors, which could translate to significant savings for patients who are on abiraterone in the metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) setting.
Presented by: Gautam Gopalji Jha, MBBS, MS, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Written by: Jason Zhu, MD. Fellow, Division of Hematology and Oncology, Duke University, @TheRealJasonZhu at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting #ASCO19, May 31- June 4, 2019, Chicago, IL USA
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