Ultrasound Elastography as a Diagnostic Tool for Peyronie's Disease: A State-of-the-Art Review.

Elastography is a noninvasive method that utilizes ultrasound imaging to assess the elasticity and stiffness of soft tissue. Peyronie's disease (PD) is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the male penis, causing the formation of fibrous plaques. This alters the penis's elasticity and can lead to changes in its shape. Ultrasound elastography (UE) is an important advancement in the diagnosis of PD. It not only identifies plaques, but it also measures their rigidity, providing crucial information to monitor changes during and after treatment. We conducted a narrative review of the scientific literature to identify articles that discuss the use of elastography in the diagnostic study of PD. The purpose of this study was to describe the "state of the art" in the diagnostic use of ultrasound in combination with elastography to highlight any benefits in the diagnosis of PD. We found 12 relevant articles after searching PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar using the keywords "ultrasound elastography" and "Peyronie's disease", including eight clinical studies, two case reports, and two review articles. The results of our review indicate that UE is a useful technique for identifying Peyronie-related plaques, particularly when they are not detectable using a standard ultrasound or physical examination. It is also helpful in monitoring improvements during and after conservative treatments. More research is required to confirm the effectiveness of ultrasound elastography in diagnosing Peyronie's disease and to determine whether it is better than traditional ultrasound.

Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland). 2024 Mar 21*** epublish ***

Gianni Paulis, Giovanni De Giorgio, Andrea Paulis

Department of Urology and Andrology, Peyronie's Care Center, Castelfidardo Clinical Analysis Center, 00185 Rome, Italy., Section of Ultrasound Diagnostics, Department of Urology and Andrology, Castelfidardo Clinical Analysis Center, 00185 Rome, Italy., Neurosystem for Applied Psychology and Neuroscience, Janet Clinical Centre, 00195 Rome, Italy.