Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH), which was approved by the FDA for the treatment of Peyronie's disease (PD) in 2013, may obviate the need for surgery but its historically high cost must be considered when offering CCH vs surgical intervention to affected patients.
To compare trends of intralesional injections vs surgical treatment for PD and assess the contemporary cost of treatment with CCH vs surgical intervention.
We reviewed 2009-2019 MarketScan Commercial Claims data to identify all men 18 years and older with PD. CPT and HCPCS codes were used to identify PD treatments for each patient. Associated insurance claims in USD were summed for each treatment type.
Total and out-of-pocket costs, as well as frequencies, for treatments were calculated on a yearly basis and the Cochran-Armitage test was used to compare frequencies before and after FDA approval of CCH.
Of 89,205 men diagnosed with PD, 21,605 (24.2%) underwent treatment; most required only intralesional injections, however 1,519 (7.0%) received only surgical therapy and 1,951 (9.0%) required medical and surgical therapy. Intralesional CCH use sharply increased after its FDA-approval in 2013 with a concomitant fall of intralesional verapamil use. The use of both surgical plication and plaque grafting decreased steadily from 2009 to 2019. The median cost per patient for all 3 treatments increased over the study time-period: $1,856 to $3,196 for plication, $2,233 to $3,631 for plaque grafting, and $6,940 to $8,895 per cycle for CCH. Out-of-pocket median patient contribution for plication, plaque grafting, and per cycle intralesional CCH injection were similar over the study period and never exceeded $300.
CCH is significantly more expensive than any surgical treatment option, however, the out-of-pocket patient contribution for surgery and CCH are similar.
This study incorporated all procedure costs and is the most contemporary, comprehensive, and accurate reflection of overall and out-of-pocket costs to patients for surgical and intralesional PD therapies. We anticipate these data to allow for a more complete discussion between patients and providers regarding their care. The use of a commercial claims database prohibited assessment of post-procedural costs and treatment outcomes.
CCH use has increased significantly since its FDA approval in 2013 with out-of-pocket patient contribution comparable to surgical therapy despite significantly higher total treatment costs. Walton EL, Quinn TP, Mulloy E, et al. Cost of Intralesional Collagenase Clostridium Histiolyticum Therapy Versus Surgery for the Management of Peyronie's Disease: A Claims-Based Analysis (2009-2019). Sex Med 2022;XX:XXXXXX.
Sexual medicine. 2022 Apr 20 [Epub ahead of print]
Eric L Walton, Timothy P Quinn, Evan Mulloy, Dattatraya Patil, Akanksha Mehta
Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA., Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: .