To assess patient satisfaction with surgical outcome, body related self-perceptions, self-attitudes of sexuality, and health related quality of life after penile surgery with small intestinal submucosa (SIS) grafting for the treatment of severe Peyronie's disease (PD).
This retrospective study included 82 patients, who were treated with SIS grafting for severe PD between 2009 and 2013 at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. Patients were asked to complete standardized questionnaires including the International Index of Erectile Function Erectile Function domain (IIEF-EF), Short-Form (SF)-8 Health Survey, and Frankfurt Body Concept Scale-Sexuality (FKKS-SEX).
Follow-up was available in 58 (69.9%) patients. SIS grafting resulted in subjective straightening of the penis in 53 (91.3%) patients. After a mean follow-up of 28.9 ± 16.5 months, 24 (41.4%) patients were satisfied or very satisfied with surgical outcome. Postoperatively, the mean FKKS-SEX was 23.5 ± 5.9. In total, 36 (62.1%), 18 (31%), and four (6.9%) patients had FKKS-SEX scores corresponding to positive, neutral, and negative self-perception and self-attitude of sexuality, respectively. The mean postoperative SF-8 was 15.2 ± 6.4. Compared to the mean for German controls, patients achieved lower mean scores in the domains social functioning (50.4 ± 7.1), mental health (49.5 ± 9.2), and emotional roles (48.5 ± 6.8). Subjective shortening of the penis (Odds ratio (OR): 2.0), negative body related self-perceptions, and self-attitudes of sexuality (OR: 3.6) as well as IIEF-EF score (OR: 0.9) were risk factors for patient dissatisfaction (p-values ≤ 0.02).
A relevant number of patients is not satisfied with surgical outcome after SIS grafting for the treatment of severe PD. Subjective shortening of the penis, negative body related self-perceptions, and self-attitudes of sexuality as well as IIEF-EF score were risk factors for patient dissatisfaction.
Journal of clinical medicine. 2019 Jul 28*** epublish ***
Armin Soave, Sebastian Laurich, Roland Dahlem, Malte W Vetterlein, Oliver Engel, Timo Nieder, Peer Briken, Michael Rink, Margit Fisch, Philip Reiss
Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany., Institute for Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany., Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. .