ATLAS: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of JNJ-56021927 in Subjects With High-risk, Localized or Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer Receiving Treatment With Primary Radiation Therapy

Condition: Prostatic Neoplasms

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT02531516

Sponsor: Aragon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Phase: Phase 3


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: Male

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >= 18 years
  • Indicated and planned to receive primary radiation therapy for prostate cancer
  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of an intact prostate, and 1 of the following at diagnosis: 1) Gleason score >=8 and >=cT2c, 2) Gleason score >=7, PSA >=20 nanogram per milliliters (ng/mL), and >=cT2c
  • Charlson index (CCI) <=3
  • An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) grade of 0 or 1
  • Adequate organ function: (1) aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), within normal limits (WNL), (2) serum creatinine less than (<) 1.5 milligram/deciliter (mg/dL) (<133 micromoles/Liter [mcmol/L]), (3) platelets greater than or equal to (>=)140,000/microLiter (mcL), independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 3 months prior to randomization, (4) Hemoglobin >= 12.0 gram/deciliter (g/dL) (7.4 millimloes [mmol], independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 3 months prior to randomization
  • Participants who are sexually active (even men with vasectomies) and willing to use a condom and agree not to donate sperm during the trial
  • Signed, written, informed consent
  • Be able to swallow whole study drug tablets

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of distant metastasis, (clinical stage M1). Isolated pelvic nodal disease below the iliac bifurcation (clinical stage N1) is not an exclusion. Diagnosis of distant metastasis (clinical M stage; M0 versus M1a, M1b, M1c) and pelvic nodal disease (clinical N stage; N1 versus N0) will be assessed by central radiological review. Patients are considered eligible only if the central radiological review confirms clinical stage M0.
  • Prior treatment with gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or anti-androgen or both for >3 months prior to randomization
  • Bilateral orchiectomy
  • History of pelvic radiation
  • Prior systemic (example [e.g.], chemotherapy) or local (e.g. radical prostatectomy, cryotherapy) treatment for prostate cancer
  • History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (including, but not limited to prior stroke, transient ischemic attack or loss of consciousness <= 1 year prior to randomization; brain arteriovenous malformation; or intracranial masses such as schwannomas and meningiomas that are causing edema or mass effect)
  • Prior treatment with enzalutamide, abiraterone acetate, orteronel, galeterone, ketoconazole, aminoglutethimide, estrogens, megestrol acetate, and progestational agents (including cyproterone acetate) for prostate cancer
  • Prior treatment with radiopharmaceutical agents (e.g., strontium-89) or immunotherapy (e.g., sipuleucel-T) for prostate cancer
  • Prior treatment with systemic glucocorticoids ≤4 weeks prior to randomization or is expected to require long-term use of corticosteroids during the study
  • Use of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (e.g., dutasteride, finasteride) <=4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Use of any investigational agent <=4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Current chronic use of opioid analgesics for >=3 weeks for oral or >7 days for non-oral formulations
  • Major surgery <=4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Current or prior treatment with anti-epileptic medications for the treatment of seizures
  • Gastrointestinal conditions affecting absorption
  • Known or suspected contraindications or hypersensitivity to apalutamide, bicalutamide or GnRH agonists or any of the components of the formulations
  • Any condition for which, in the opinion of the investigator, participation would not be in the best interest of the subject

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