Combination of Radium-223 and Lutetium-177 PSMA-I&T in Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Condition: Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer, mCRPC, Prostate Cancer

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT05383079

Sponsor: Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: Male

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must be ≥ 18 years of age and must have provided written informed consent.
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate, OR unequivocal diagnosis of metastatic prostate cancer. (i.e. involving bone or pelvic lymph nodes or para-aortic lymph nodes) with an elevated serum PSA.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2
  • Patients must have progressed on ≥ 1 second-generation AR-targeted agent (e.g., enzalutamide, abiraterone, apalutamide, or darolutamide).
  • Patients must have progressive disease for study entry. PCWG3 defines this as any one of the following:
  • PSA progression: minimum of two rising PSA values from a baseline measurement with an interval of ≥ 1 week between each measurement.
  • Soft tissue progression as per RECIST 1.1 criteria
  • Bone progression: ≥ 2 new lesions on bone scan
  • Symptomatic progression eg. Bone pain
  • At least three weeks since receiving anti-cancer treatment (other than ADT), the completion of surgery or radiotherapy prior to registration.
  • Prior surgical orchiectomy or chemical castration maintained on luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue (agonist or antagonist).
  • Serum testosterone levels ≤ 1.75nmol/L (≤ 50ng/dL) within 28 days before registration.
  • Significant PSMA avidity on PSMA PET/CT, defined as a minimum uptake of SUVmax 20 at a site of disease, and SUVmax >10 at sites of measurable disease >10mm (unless subject to factors explaining a lower uptake, e.g. respiratory motion, reconstruction artefact).
  • ≥ 2 bone metastases must be present on bone scintigraphy which have not been previously treated with radiotherapy.
  • No contraindication to treatment with a bone antiresorptive agent such as denosumab or zoledronic acid.
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow, hepatic and renal function documented within 28 days prior to registration, defined as:
  • Haemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L independent of transfusions (no red blood cell transfusion in last four weeks)
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5x10^9/L
  • Platelets ≥ 150 x10^9/L
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) except for patients with known Gilbert's syndrome, where this applies for the unconjugated bilirubin component.
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x ULN if there is no evidence of liver metastasis or ≤ 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases
  • Albumin ≥ 25 g/L
  • Adequate renal function: patients must have a creatinine clearance estimated of ≥ 40 mL/min using the Cockcroft Gault equation
  • Sexually active patients are willing to use medically acceptable forms of barrier contraception.
  • Willing to undergo biopsies, if disease is considered accessible and biopsy is feasible.
  • Willing and able to comply with all study requirements, including all treatments and the timing and nature of all required assessments.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from study entry:
  • Superscan on Bone scan (WBBS) or diffuse marrow involvement on PSMA PET/CT
  • Prior treatment with 223Ra or 177Lu-PSMA.
  • Has received more than one previous line of chemotherapy for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer.
  • Sites of discordant FDG-positive disease defined by minimal PSMA-expression and no uptake on WBBS (for bone metastases).
  • Other malignancies within the previous 2 years other than basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of skin or other cancers that are unlikely to recur within 24 months.
  • Symptomatic brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Patients with symptomatic or impending cord compression unless appropriately treated beforehand and clinically stable for ≥ four weeks.
  • Concurrent illness, including severe infection that may jeopardise the ability of the patient to undergo the procedures outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety.

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