Patients with long-term indwelling urinary catheters are at an increased risk for urinary tract infection due to bacteriuria. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in long-term care facilities as well as in ambulatory patients requiring long-term catheterization. There is increased interest in the financial impact of CAUTI as Medicare no longer provides reimbursement for nosocomial CAUTIs. Ascending bacteria may in part enter the closed drainage system when the patient switches between leg and night collection bags. In an attempt to reduce this ascent, a double valve lock-out system was devised that maintains a closed system during bag exchange. The concept is introduced and CAUTIs are reviewed.
Shbeeb A, Young JL, Hart SA, Hart JC, Gelman J. Are you the author?
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Southern California Medical Center, 1200 N. State Street, IPT, Room C4E100, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA; The Urology Group, 19415 Deerfield Avenue, Suite 112, Leesburg, VA 20176, USA; San Diego, CA 92121, USA; Center for Reconstructive Urology, 333 City Boulevard West, Suite 1240, Orange, CA 92868, USA.
Reference: Adv Urol. 2014;2014:765756.
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